The black Art movement is the artistic branch of the Black Power movement. A writer named Amiri Baraka in 1965 started it in Harlem, and it changed into action by the assassination of Malcolm X in February of that year. With roots in the Civil Rights Movement, Malcolm X, and the Black Power Movement, Black Arts are usually dated from 1960 to 1970. African American artists within the movement wanted to create politically engaged work that explored the African American cultural and historical experience. In 1965, it moved uptown to establish the Black Arts Repertory Theatre/School “BARTS” which considered being the formal beginning.