By 1970 Black Arts theaters and cultural centers were active throughout America. For example, the New Lafayette Theatre and Barbara Ann Teer's National Black Theatre. Also, in 1970 The Black Woman, which was edited by Toni Cade Bambara, was the first major Black feminist anthology. The Black Aesthetic in 1971 is significant because it both expresses and characterizes Black Arts theory.
The decline of the Black Arts movement began in 1974 when the Black Power movement was disrupted. Black political organizations were disrupted and defeated by repressive government actions. However, in May 1974, the key internal events in the disruption were the split between nationalists and Marxists in the African Liberation Support Committee.